Acoustic Glossary


 

Noise Dose : Definitions, Terms, Units, Measurements .. see also Sound Exposure

Noise Dose is the total Sound Exposure normalized to an 8-hour working day

By law, employers must assess and identify measures to eliminate or reduce risks from exposure to noise, in order to protect the hearing of their employees.

The Noise Dose criteria in the UK is currently 85dBA and if anyone is exposed to an time weighted average noise level of 85 dBA during an 8-hour period their Noise Dose = 100%.

The British and ISO Standards are based on the 3 dB exchange rate, which means noise levels of 88 dBA have twice as much energy as levels of 85 dBA. It follows that if 85 dBA = 100% Noise Dose, then 88 dBA = 200% Noise Dose and therefore the maximum exposure time is restricted to 4 hours per shift - ergo twice the level means half the time

The 8 hour average level is known as the Daily Personal Noise Exposure LEP,d or LEX,8h.


The Noise Dose (in physical units) for the whole measurement duration of sound exposure is known as E (Pa².h)

For a given period of time, an increase of 10 dB(A) in sound pressure level corresponds to a tenfold increase in the Noise Dose.

1 Pa²·h = 100% Noise Dose = 85 LAeq(8 h) = 85 dBA for 8 hours.

  0.1 Pa²  =  74.9 LAeq,8 h
  0.2 Pa²  =  78.0 LAeq,8 h
  0.5 Pa²  =  81.9 LAeq,8 h
     1 Pa²  =  84.9 LAeq,8 h  =  100% Noise Dose
     2 Pa²  =  88.0 LAeq,8 h
     5 Pa²  =  91.9 LAeq,8 h
   10 Pa²  =  94.8 LAeq,8 h
 

The Noise Dose examples above assume the UK and EU default criterion time of 8 hours and exchange rate of Q = 3

See also : Projected Dose and Threshold Level

% Noise Dose is the noise exposure expressed as a percentage (%) of an 8-hour working day. In the UK the 100% level is 85 dBA using the 3 dB exchange rate. % Noise Dose varies according to National Standards.


Noise Damage Risk Criteria : the recommended maximum noise levels for given exposure periods.
See also : Exposure Action ValueExposure Limit Value


Noise Dose % : the amount of noise expressed as a percentage of the normal allowable daily collected during a measurement on a worker with a noise dosimeter. Noise Dose % varies according to National Standards


Noise Dose Badge : small device worn by operator to store fluctuating noise levels during working day. Similar to a Dosimeter.


Noise Dose per Hour : DOHR shows the dose exposure over each hour.


Noise Dose Threshold Level : some regulations specify that for the measurement of noise at work, the sound levels below a certain limit (the threshold) should be disregarded. A Noise Dose Meter therefore only sums up the contributions from the levels above the threshold and uses these values to calculate the Noise Dose parameters.


Noise Dosimeter : a pocket sized instrument designed to be worn during all or part of the day as a personal monitor in order to check an operator's personal exposure to workplace noise.

Also known as a Noise Dosemeter and a Sound Exposure Meter


Noise Exposure Time the time a person is exposed to noise during a workday - used for calculation of LEP,d - Daily Personal Noise Exposure.


Estimated Noise Dose : the exposure received if the measured level had existed for the specified criterion time.


Projected Noise Dose : NProjDose uses the current Noise Dose value, logged during the present measurement, to be projected forward to give the predicted 8 hour period, assuming the sound levels for the remaining time stays the same.


See also : Sound ExposurePSEM Personal Sound Exposure Meter

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