Leq is the equivalent continuous sound level in decibels, equivalent to the total sound energy measured over a stated period of time and is also known as the time-average sound level (LAT).
LAeq is the A-weighted equivalent continuous sound level in decibels measured over a stated period of time. Most community and industrial noise measurements are A-weighted so the LAeq descriptor is therefore widely used
Early sound level meters had a very limited dynamic range, so if the noise levels fluctuated by more then 20 dB during a measurement the accuracy was in doubt. They also used exponential averaging circuits (Fast, Slow etc.) which helped the operator average the meter fluctuations by eye, but introduced another accuracy limitation.
Modern class 1, integrating sound level meters monitor a wide range of fluctuating levels faithfully and the digital linear averaging circuits record and display the Leq (average energy) time histories and the L10, L90, Ln etc., statistical noise levels, over minutes, hours or days as required.
Leq is widely used, but not widely understood - click here for a more detailed explanation.
Leq is the 'common' name for the equivalent continuous sound level, see the IEC definition below
Equivalent Continuous Sound Level Definition IEC 801-22-16, logarithm of the ratio of a given time-mean-square, standard-frequency-weighted sound pressure for a stated time period, to the square of the reference sound pressure of 20 μPa. Equivalent continuous sound level in decibels is ten times the logarithm to the base ten of that ratio. Also known as the time-average sound level and the LAeq.● Note 1 : if a frequency weighting is not specified, the A-frequency weighting is understood.
● Note 2 : in principle, exponential time weighting is not involved.
The equivalent continuous sound level, should not to be confused with the the equivalent continuous sound pressure level, click here to compare these definitions directly.
See also our sound level calculations article
Short Leq is the preferred modern method of storing sound levels and displaying the true time history of noise events and all other sound levels during any specified period of time. The resulting 'time histories', typically measured in 1/8 second intervals may then be used to calculate the 'overall' levels for any sub-period of the overall measurement time.
See also Integrating Sound Level Meters
Leq : Equivalent Continuous Sound Level - the more detailed explanation
SEL : Sound Exposure Level = Leq normalized to 1 second, equivalent to the total sound energy.